How Much Do Music Lessons Cost
Written by Brian B

Private Music Lessons Cost

On average, private music lessons cost $55 in the U.S. in 2021. Prices will range from $30-$80+, depending on time, location and experience of the instructor.

If you are searching for “private music lessons” or “private music lessons cost,” this article will help!

Private Music Lessons Near Me

If you are searching for private music lesson instructors in Arizona, look no further than Amazing Mobile Music Instruction! Based in the Phoenix area, this music instructor boasts nearly 30 years of musical experience. Whether you are a beginner, intermediate or advanced-level player, we can work with you!

Here are the music lessons provided by Amazing Mobile Music Instruction:

*Keep reading below for a breakdown of average costs. 

Piano Lessons Cost

According to Thumbtack, piano lessons typically cost between $50-$60 per hour, bringing the national average to $55 per lesson.

  • Lowest cost: $40.
  • Average cost: $50.
  • Highest cost: $60.

Piano Lessons Cost

Guitar Lessons Cost

According to Thumbtack, guitar lessons will cost between $40-$70 per hour. Meanwhile, Lessons.com has a similar price range for guitar lessons, ranging from $40 to $60.  Here are the average prices for 30 to 60-minute sessions:

  • 30 Minutes: $25.
  • 45 Minutes: $35.
  • 60 Minutes: $50.

Guitar Lessons Cost Scottsdale AZGuitar Lessons Cost Scottsdale AZ

Drum Lessons Cost

The average cost for drum lessons in Scottsdale, AZ is $45 per 60-minute lesson. Drum students can expect to pay anywhere between $30-$60, depending on the skill level of the student, teacher and location of the instruction.

  • Lowest Cost: $50.
  • Average Cost: $55.
  • Highest Cost: $60.

Drum Lessons Cost Scottsdale AZ

Private Online Music Lessons Cost

The basic online music instruction package consists of one 30-minute lesson, while standard lasts 45 minutes and the premium lesson package offers one 60-minute lesson. Choose the appropriate amount of time for your lesson based on your current skill level. These prices are cheaper than the typical in-person lessons, as well. Generally, piano lessons in the valley will range anywhere from $40-$60. Take advantage of these low rates and the convenience of video calling by booking your online lessons today!

Here is a breakdown of online music lesson costs at Amazing Mobile Music Instruction:

  • 30-minute lesson: $30.
  • 45-minute lesson: $40.
  • 60-minute lesson: $50.

How Much Do Online Piano Lessons Cost?

Why Take Music Lessons?

There are numerous benefits of taking music lessons, for all ages. Among the reasons why you should invest in music lessons is the development of physical skills. Many instruments, especially the drums, will help teach coordination and motor skills. The piano will help develop use of both hands at the same time. By enhancing coordination, other activities like sports and dance will become easier.

Private lessons will require patience. You likely won’t learn how to play and master any instrument in a matter of days; this a process that will take a long time. By staying patient, disciplined and focused, though, you can achieve your goal. When you do reach your aspirations, it will boost your self-esteem. This is a great benefit for youngsters just beginning to dip their toes into the music world.

Private Music Lessons In Phoenix, AZ

Serving the Phoenix area, Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers some of the best music lesson rates in the entire valley! The best part about this company is it offers a variety of packages for beginners, intermediate-level players and experts. A basic package is $160 for four weeks (one lesson per week). A standard package costs $200 for four weeks, while the premium offering costs $220 for four weeks of lessons. For those seeking the ultra package, it comes with a price tag of $240 for four weeks of instruction. Introduction lessons for these offerings range from just $40-$55. Online lessons cost from $30-$50 per session.

More Articles About Music Lessons

Amazing Mobile Music offers Music Lessons Throughout the Phoenix metro area.

We also offer lessons for guitar, bass guitar, piano, and ukulele.

ONLINE LESSONS ARE ALSO AVAILABLE!!!

BASIC PACKAGE

$180 / 4 WEEKS

1 – 45 Min Lesson: Each Week

1 Intro Lesson: $45

Location: Instructors Home

Travel Charge Included: No

STANDARD PACKAGE

$200 / 4 WEEKS

1 – 45 Min Lesson: Each Week

1 Intro Lesson: $50

Location: Under 10 miles Away

Travel Charge Included: Yes

PREMIUM PACKAGE

$220 / 4 WEEKS

1 – 45 Min Lesson: Each Week

1 Intro Lesson: $55

Location: Up to 15 miles Away

Travel Charge Included: Yes

ULTRA PACKAGE

$240 / 4 WEEKS

1 – 45 Min Lesson: Each Week

1 Intro Lesson: $60

Location: Up to 25 miles Away

Travel Charge Included: Yes

ONLINE LESSONS ARE ALSO AVAILABLE (NO TRAVEL CHARGES).
ZELLE OR VENMO FOR PAYMENTS PREFERRED. MULTIPLE STUDENT DISCOUNTS AVAILABLE.

CONTACT BENJAMIN IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN MULTIPLE STUDENT DISCOUNTS!!!

FLEXIBLE SCHEDULE TIMES PROVEN METHODS BEGINNER TO ADVANCED

PIANO LESSONS REVIEWS & TESTIMONIALS

What Is The Easiest Instrument To Learn?
Written by Brian B

What Is The Easiest Instrument To Learn?

If you want to start learning an instrument, but aren’t sure which one to pick up, this post should help! Whether you are an adult or child, we’re here to highlight some of the easiest musical instruments to master.

Easiest Instruments To Play

Based on decades of research, performing and feedback, these three instruments are generally considered the easiest to learn:

  1. Ukulele
  2. Piano
  3. Drums

Ukulele

This is one of the most popular instruments to start playing for a beginner, especially if the ultimate goal is to end up mastering the guitar. For one, the frets are much closer together than on the guitar, making it much faster to learn and play at a high level. It’s also one of the most inexpensive instruments one can purchase today. Also, if you live in an apartment or small area, this instrument will not take up much room at all. It is the ideal instrument for someone just starting out in the world of music.

There are many resources available to learn the ukulele, such as online tutorials, but nothing will do the trick quite like an in-person music instructor. A professional will show you how to move your fingers up and down the instrument, helping you to master the ukulele in no time!

Ukulele Lessons For Beginners

Amazing Mobile Music Instruction, based in Phoenix, Arizona, currently offers ukulele lessons. Learning this instrument will undoubtedly be a fun and exciting venture.

*The following breakdown is not the actual pricing for Amazing Mobile Music Instruction. See below for our full pricing details.

  • Average cost for a 30-minute lesson: $25.
  • Average cost for a 45-minute lesson: $35.
  • Average cost for a 60-minute lesson: $50.

Ukulele Lessons Cost Scottsdale AZ

Piano

You may be wondering why piano makes the list of easiest instruments to play, since it seems like such a difficult piece to play. Truth is, the piano does take a long time to master, but once you have it down you can enjoy this instrument for a lifetime, and it provides the basic skills needed to learn any other instrument.

If the piano looks a bit intimidating, opt for a keyboard instead. Most keyboards have the exact look and feel of pianos, but they are cheaper and much smaller, which makes them easier to learn.

Piano Lessons For Beginners

There are numerous benefits when it comes to taking piano lessons, for all ages. In addition to helping hand-eye coordination, piano lessons have also been proven to improve reading comprehension. Engage your mind by reading and playing enjoyable music at the same time. This fun instrument will require intense concentration and discipline, but the reward is worth all the work. Piano lessons have also been shown to calm individuals by reducing anxiety and stress. Amazing Mobile Music Instruction also offers piano lessons!

According to Thumbtack, piano lessons typically cost between $50-$60 per hour, bringing the national average to $55 per lesson.

  • Lowest cost: $40.
  • Average cost: $50.
  • Highest cost: $60.

Piano Lessons Cost

Drums

This will apply to percussion instruments of all kinds. These are the best instruments to learn if you are little intimidated to pick up a tuned piece. Percussion instruments have an organic feel to them. With percussion, it is all about timing since you cannot play any wrong notes. Timing is crucial in the world of music, though, so this a basic skill that needs to be developed.

Drums will also teach you coordination, in addition to timing. Start small with maybe only a snare drum and kick bass. Eventually, beginners can work their way up to a smaller drum kit before playing a larger one after the instrument has been mastered.

Drum Lessons For Beginners

At Amazing Mobile Music Instruction, students of all skill levels can find the perfect drum lesson package. This company offers in-home drum lessons for children, teens and adults. Beginner, intermediate and even advanced-level students are encouraged to try the drums. This is a great instrument for those who constantly find themselves tapping their feet or keeping a simple beat on a table.

  • Lowest Cost: $50.
  • Average Cost: $55.
  • Highest Cost: $60.

Drum Lessons Cost Scottsdale AZ

Music Lessons In Scottsdale, AZ

Serving the Scottsdale area, Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers some of the best music lesson rates in the entire valley! The best part about this company is it offers a variety of packages for beginners, intermediate-level players and experts. A basic package is $160 for four weeks (one lesson per week). A standard package costs $200 for four weeks, while the premium offering costs $220 for four weeks of lessons. For those seeking the ultra package, it comes with a price tag of $240 for four weeks of instruction. Introduction lessons for these offerings range from just $40-$55. Online lessons cost from $30-$50 per session.

More Articles About Music Lessons

Amazing Mobile Music offers Music Lessons Throughout the Phoenix metro area.

We also offer lessons for guitar, bass guitar, piano, and ukulele.

ONLINE LESSONS ARE ALSO AVAILABLE!!!

BASIC PACKAGE

$180 / 4 WEEKS

1 – 45 Min Lesson: Each Week

1 Intro Lesson: $45

Location: Instructors Home

Travel Charge Included: No

STANDARD PACKAGE

$200 / 4 WEEKS

1 – 45 Min Lesson: Each Week

1 Intro Lesson: $50

Location: Under 10 miles Away

Travel Charge Included: Yes

PREMIUM PACKAGE

$220 / 4 WEEKS

1 – 45 Min Lesson: Each Week

1 Intro Lesson: $55

Location: Up to 15 miles Away

Travel Charge Included: Yes

ULTRA PACKAGE

$240 / 4 WEEKS

1 – 45 Min Lesson: Each Week

1 Intro Lesson: $60

Location: Up to 25 miles Away

Travel Charge Included: Yes

ONLINE LESSONS ARE ALSO AVAILABLE (NO TRAVEL CHARGES).
ZELLE OR VENMO FOR PAYMENTS PREFERRED. MULTIPLE STUDENT DISCOUNTS AVAILABLE.

CONTACT BENJAMIN IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN MULTIPLE STUDENT DISCOUNTS!!!

FLEXIBLE SCHEDULE TIMES PROVEN METHODS BEGINNER TO ADVANCED

PIANO LESSONS REVIEWS & TESTIMONIALS

What’s the Best Age to Start Music Lessons?
Written by Brian B

Online Music Lessons – Scottsdale And Paradise Valley

With the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, many music lessons have been put on the back burner due to social distancing. Luckily, for students, though, online music lessons are now being conducted through Amazing Mobile Music Instruction! If you are in the Scottsdale or Paradise Valley area and are searching for “online music lessons,” then keep reading for full details.

Music Lessons Online

For any student, instrument in learning or even mastering the piano, online lessons are ideal during these unprecedented times. But, thanks to video communications apps, Zoom and Skype, online music lessons are now possible. Ben’s Method, a unique way of learning the piano, can be taught virtually at the student’s convenience. Amazing Mobile teaches the basics and fundamentals of music; equating playing an instrument to math. Once the structure is understood, the possibilities are endless! For the easiest and most affordable online music lessons in Scottsdale and Paradise Valley, head on over to Ben’s Method to schedule a time that works best for you.

Online Music Lessons Cost

Here is a breakdown of online music lesson costs at Amazing Mobile Music Instruction:

  • 30-minute lesson: $30.
  • 45-minute lesson: $40.
  • 60-minute lesson: $50.

The basic online music instruction package consists of one 30-minute lesson, while standard lasts 45 minutes and the premium lesson package offers one 60-minute lesson. Choose the appropriate amount of time for your lesson based on your current skill level. These prices are cheaper than the typical in-person lessons, as well. Generally, piano lessons in the valley will range anywhere from $40-$60. Take advantage of these low rates and the convenience of video calling by booking your online lessons today!

Music Lessons Cost At Amazing Mobile Music Instruction

Serving the Paradise Valley and Scottsdale areas, Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers some of the best music lesson rates in the entire valley! The best part about this company is it offers a variety of packages for beginners, intermediate-level players and experts. A basic package is $160 for four weeks (one lesson per week). A standard package costs $200 for four weeks, while the premium offering costs $220 for four weeks of lessons. For those seeking the ultra package, it comes with a price tag of $240 for four weeks of instruction. Introduction lessons for these offerings range from just $40-$55. Online lessons cost from $30-$50 per session.

Click here for more music instruction details.

For more information about online lessons click here.

Amazing Mobile Music offers Music Lessons Throughout The Phoenix Valley

Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers music lessons for piano, bass guitar, drums, guitar, mandolin, and ukulele. Learn how to play your favorite instrument with Amazing Mobile Music Instruction. Looking for kids piano lessons or beginner piano lessons? We can help with that too.

How Much Do Guitar Lessons Cost In Arcadia, AZ?
Written by Brian B

How Much Do Guitar Lessons Cost In Arcadia, AZ?

The cost of a 60-minute guitar lesson in Arcadia, AZ is about $50 per hour, with most instructors charging between $40 to $60 per lesson. These prices are based on several factors, listed below. If you are searching for “how much do guitar lessons cost” or “guitar lessons cost,” then this post is for you!

Cost Of Guitar Lessons

According to Thumbtack, guitar lessons will cost between $40-$70 per hour. Meanwhile, Lessons.com has a similar price range for guitar lessons, ranging from $40 to $60.  Here are the average prices for 30 to 60-minute sessions:

  • 30 Minutes: $25.
  • 45 Minutes: $35.
  • 60 Minutes: $50.

*This is not the actual price of our Guitar lessons. See below for Amazing Mobile Music Instruction’s pricing details.

Cost Factors

There are many factors that can cause the cost of your guitar lesson to either increase or decrease. A few of the factors are listed below.

Instructor Experience

Experience level of both the student and teacher will affect cost. If you are a beginner or an experienced guitar student and you choose to work with an instructor who has 15-20 years of playing experience, you will pay more for the lessons. Choosing a lesser-experienced instructor will cost less, but doesn’t necessarily mean the lesson quality will suffer greatly. Choose the instructor that you feel comfortable with as you begin your musical ventures.

Lesson Length

Generally, the longer the lesson lasts, the more you will pay. For example, guitar lessons can be done in 30-minute, 45-minute and 60-minute increments. Of course, the student will pay the most for the longest lesson. However, longer lessons may work better with certain students’ schedules. If you can’t commit to weekly 30-minute sessions, perhaps choosing one 90-minute lesson is the way to go.

Location Of Lesson

Lessons given at a music store or studio tend to be cheaper than holding the session at a student’s home. When this is requested, the student will usually have to cover the instructor’s travel expenses.

Amazing Mobile Music offers Music Lessons Throughout Paradise Valley

Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers music lessons for piano, bass guitar, drums, guitar, mandolin, and ukulele. Learn how to play your favorite instrument with Amazing Mobile Music Instruction. Looking for kids piano lessons or beginner piano lessons? We can help with that too.

Cost Of Music Lessons In Scottsdale, Arizona
Written by Brian B

Cost Of Music Lessons In Scottsdale, Arizona

If you live in the Scottsdale, AZ area and are searching for the “cost of music lessons,” then this post will help! Generally, students can expect to pay an average of $55 per music lesson. Many lessons across the U.S. range from a low of $30 to a high of $80 for one lesson. Many factors can influence cost, even in Scottsdale. Continue reading for more pricing breakdowns.

Music Lesson Prices

Here are a few factors that can either cause your music lesson costs to increase or decrease:

  • Experience level of the student.
  • Experience level of the instructor.
  • Instrument of choice.
  • Time of lesson.
  • Location of lesson.

The level of experience of the student and teacher tends to go hand in hand. It is recommended that beginners who are serious about learning a new instrument choose an instructor with as much experience as possible. Of course, that is not always so easy, since the most experienced instructors will charge the highest rates. Most experienced players will opt for the most experienced instructors, as well. But, for those on a budget, choosing an instructor with less than 20 years of experience can still be worthwhile.

Other variables that can impact the overall cost of the lesson include instrument, time and location of the lesson. Most instructors will offer a variety of lesson plans. Usually, 30-minute, 45-minute, 60-minute or 90-minute lessons will be offered. The longer the lesson lasts, the more it costs, obviously. Now, for busier students, a longer one-time lesson may be the way to go instead of purchasing a bundle of weekly lessons. Committing to one lesson for 90 minutes may be a lot easier of a task than committing to 30-minute lessons every week for a month. Choose the lesson plan that works best for your schedule.

Location of the lesson will either increase or decrease the price. Location simply refers to where the physical lesson takes place, not the state or city one requests lessons in. If you take a lesson at either a studio or the instructor’s home, chances are you will save money. If you’d rather hold the lesson at your home, you must be willing to pay for the instructor’s travel expenses, including gas and transportation of the instrument. At-home lessons offer convenience for the student, but will certainly cost more over time.

Private Music Lessons Cost

Here is a breakdown of average costs for music lessons in Scottsdale, AZ:

  • Lowest cost: $30.
  • Average cost: $55.
  • Highest cost: $80+.

Cost Of Music Lessons In Scottsdale, Arizona

How Much Do Online Music Lessons Cost?

The typical cost for a 60-minute online lesson is $72, according to TakeLessons. Of course, costs will vary based on amount of time for the lessons, the teacher and the skill level of the student. Location of the lesson could also influence cost. Music students can expect to pay anywhere from $17-$300 for an hour online lesson.

Music Lessons Cost In Scottsdale, AZ

Serving the Scottsdale area, Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers some of the best music lesson rates in the entire valley! The best part about this company is it offers a variety of packages for beginners, intermediate-level players and experts. A basic package is $160 for four weeks (one lesson per week). A standard package costs $200 for four weeks, while the premium offering costs $220 for four weeks of lessons. For those seeking the ultra package, it comes with a price tag of $240 for four weeks of instruction. Introduction lessons for these offerings range from just $40-$55. Online lessons cost from $30-$50 per session.

Click here for more music instruction details.

For more information about online lessons click here.

Amazing Mobile Music offers Music Lessons Throughout Paradise Valley

Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers music lessons for piano, bass guitar, drums, guitar, mandolin, and ukulele. Learn how to play your favorite instrument with Amazing Mobile Music Instruction. Looking for kids piano lessons or beginner piano lessons? We can help with that too.

How Much Do Music Lessons Cost In Paradise Valley, AZ?
Written by Brian B

How Much Do Music Lessons Cost In Paradise Valley, AZ?

Musicians of all skill levels in Paradise Valley, AZ, tend to pay an average of $55 per music lesson. In the United States in 2020, the range of music lesson costs go from $30 to $80 and above. Continue reading to find out what factors can cause the price of music lessons to either increase or decrease.

Cheap Music Lessons

$30 to $50 is a popular price for many music lessons across the valley of the sun. This cheaper pricing option is generally obtainable when booking a lesson package or simply an introductory lesson from a new instructor. An easy way to save money is to either take the lesson on location or at the instructor’s home. If a music instructor has to travel to your home, it is likely the overall cost will go up.

If your instructor is part of a large music store or studio, they may be less motivated to get the most out of your lesson since these instructors generally only make a percentage of the lesson cost. Some instructors may have a pay-up-front policy, meaning the lesson will be paid for even if you cannot make the date due to illness or any other factor.

Average Cost Of Music Lessons

With the $50 to $80 price range, most students are looking at the expected rate to pay for lessons. These lessons can be hosted at a studio, instructor’s home or in the convenience of your own home. The latter will be the most expensive option since the instructor must travel to the location. Because this is a higher price range, many students can save money by investing in bi-weekly or monthly lessons instead of the typical weekly plan. Single lessons may be more expensive than weekly packages, but the flexibility this affords students is worth the cost.

Most Expensive Music Lessons

If you choose to pay for the best possible and highest-level music instructor, you can expect to pay upwards of $80 per lesson. This rate generally only applies to private lessons, as well, so you won’t have to worry about paying a hefty amount just for a group lesson. Again, the lessons can be performed on location or at your home. These lessons are typically chosen by advanced-level students rather than those who are just beginning to play an instrument.

How Much Do Music Lessons Cost In Paradise Valley, AZ?

Online Music Lessons

The typical cost for a 60-minute online lesson is $72, according to TakeLessons. Of course, costs will vary based on amount of time for the lessons, the teacher and the skill level of the student. Location of the lesson could also influence cost. Music students can expect to pay anywhere from $17-$300 for an hour online lesson.

Music Lessons Cost At Amazing Mobile Music Instruction

Serving the Paradise Valley area, Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers some of the best music lesson rates in the entire valley! The best part about this company is it offers a variety of packages for beginners, intermediate-level players and experts. A basic package is $160 for four weeks (one lesson per week). A standard package costs $200 for four weeks, while the premium offering costs $220 for four weeks of lessons. For those seeking the ultra package, it comes with a price tag of $240 for four weeks of instruction. Introduction lessons for these offerings range from just $40-$55. Online lessons cost from $30-$50 per session.

Click here for more music instruction details.

For more information about online lessons click here.

Amazing Mobile Music offers Music Lessons Throughout Paradise Valley

Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers music lessons for piano, bass guitar, drums, guitar, mandolin, and ukulele. Learn how to play your favorite instrument with Amazing Mobile Music Instruction. Looking for kids piano lessons or beginner piano lessons? We can help with that too.

How Much Do Music Lessons Cost
Written by Craig B

How Much Do Music Lessons Cost?

The average cost of music lessons is $55 per lesson, with prices ranging from $30 to $80+ per lesson in the US in 2020. Read on to learn more what you can expect in various price ranges as you improve your musical skills!

$30 To $50 Per Lesson

A very popular price to pay for music lessons and this price is usually the easiest to obtain if you book as part of a lesson package that you pay for at the outset of the lessons. Normally held in the home of the instructor or music studio and can offer you great value for money if you do not mind driving to the location of the lesson.

A couple of points to ponder: If the instructor is at a music store or studio with many teachers, the instructor may only be on a percentage of the monies taken. This may mean they are less motivated to teach as well as having less reason to attract new students. It may also be indicative the teacher is not a top-grade instructor. Also, if life gets in the way of your musical learning, you may have to pay up front for lessons you will not be able to take because of sickness, travel or a family emergency. Likewise, if you buy a package of lessons and then discover it does not jive with your learning style, the value offered in these packages becomes far less of an attractive proposition.

$50 to $80 Per Lesson

In this price range, you are looking at what may be considered regular prices for music lessons. They may be hosted at a studio or in the home of the instructor or in this price range, the instructor may come to you. Obviously, the last option is usually more expensive but you will not have to deal with traffic and the transport of musical instruments. Another advantage is you pay per lesson.

Since these rates are higher, many students save money by having lessons once every other week or month and this can be a good thing as it allows more time for practice. Although single lessons may cost more than package details, they offer greater flexibility as they are not subjected to contracts and can be canceled with ease.

$80 Plus Per Lesson

In this price range you are going to be working with a well-regarded private teacher or if you are going to a music school an elite class teacher.

These lessons will probably last a minimum of sixty minutes and may be done in a studio, the home of the teacher or the home of the student. They are also likely to specialize in individual specialist aspects of music. At this price point, teachers are going to have skills in very specific areas and a great knowledge to pass on to others.

These lessons are not perhaps the best for beginners but as you progress as a musician – this kind of teaching can be the best of all.

Other Ways To Learn

Group lessons are great when you are a beginner as you can learn from others and establish good foundations in music that will take you down the path of learning. You can expect to pay $15 to $35 per class.

Of course in the information age online options are also viable. They are normally cheaper than other music lessons and are good to get your feet wet although perhaps not best suited to the younger musician.

How Much Do Online Music Lessons Cost?

Online Music Lessons Cost

According to TakeLessons, The average cost of a 60-minute music lessons is $72. While the exact cost varies depending on the teacher, the type of music lesson, and your location, you should anticipate spending between $17 and $300 per hour. Learn more about online music lessons cost.

Amazing Mobile Music offers Music Lessons Throughout the Phoenix metro area.

Amazing Mobile Music Instruction offers music lessons for piano, bass guitar, drums, guitar, mandolin, and ukulele. Learn how to play your favorite instrument with Amazing Mobile Music Instruction. Looking for kids piano lessons or beginner piano lessons? We can help with that too.